Family Law Blog

The COVID19-Family Law Property SCAM That Can Cost Spouses Hundreds of Thousands


FAMILY LAW COVID19 RESOURCE CENTRE


COVID 19 Property SCAM Podcast


Even during this pandemic, there are some separated or separating spouses who are trying to take advantage of the situation, and the operation of Part 1 of Ontario’s Family Law Act, to try to get ALL of their ex’s wealth. It is important for married spouses to understand how that can happen, so they can plan accordingly.

 


 

Up until COVID19 hit, when it came to property matters, separated spouses were more concerned about what happens when assets increase significantly after separation and when those separated spouses share in that increase and when they don’t.  Unfortunately, due to the COVID19, the economy is facing the opposite situation, with people’s RRSPs and other investment savings plummeting in value.  Even with the Courts almost completely closed, many spouses are making legal claims to try to get ALL of what their ex has left. There may be some situations where that is the proper result, but it most it is not.  This type of action is not unique to COVID19.   It is also a concern whenever the economy takes a downturn. It was also a problem in 2008 and 2009.



 

To understand how his scam works, it is necessary to understand how property division works after a marriage.  There is no property division for common law couples under Ontario’s Family Law Act.  To briefly summarize and simplify how property divison works (follow the links for a complete explanation), with some exceptions, married couples share the increase in their net worths from their date of marriage to the day they separate. That makes those two dates very important.  With the possible exception of matrimonial homes, married spouses start counting how much they have, and really how much what they have is increasing in value from the date of marriage.   For the purposes of property division under Ontario’s Family Law Act, they stop considering their increase in net worth on the date they separate.  But, in these trouble times, that same law means that they stop counting any decrease in network on the date of separation too.  

 



The value of what a spouse owns before the date of marriage and after the date of separation don’t matter.  All that matters is what the married spouses had on those two dates. That fact is what makes this scam work.

 

Ontario Family Law Podcast

48 - The COVID19 Family Law Property SCAM

47 - How COVID19 affects Child Support and Spousal Support

46 - Do Parenting Plans and Family Court Orders Continue During COVID-19?

45 - Resolving Family Law Disputes While the Family Courts Are Closed Due to COVID-19

9 - Property Division in Ontario After Marriage

29 - Common Law Separation and Property Division

40 - How to Keep Your Money in Separation and Divorce

Ontario Family Law recognizes that spouses do not have to physically separate, meaning one spouse walking out of the home, for the spouse to be separated.  The law recognizes that spouses can live “separate and apart under the same roof.”  The law says that when the spouses move apart is not necessarily the important date for property division, the date is when they stop living together as husband and wife, even if they continue to reside under the same roof.

 

That gives at least one spouse a big incentive to say the marriage was over, and the parties stopped living as husband and wife BEFORE the COVID19 crisis hit.  It gives an incentive to say the marriage ended before the value of their spouse’s assets plummeted – and to say that they were just sharing the same space as co-tenants, not as spouses anymore.

 

To illustrate the advantage this gives, consider a situation where one spouse had $500,000 in investments, but no other significant assets on January 1, 2020 and the other spouse had very little.  By the end of March, those investments have fallen to $250,000 in value and the stress of being isolated together in the home means that one spouse walks out.  But, that spouse with no assets does not want to share in $250,000.   That spouse wants to share in $500,000.   So, that spouse says they separated – stopped living like spouses -  on January 1 when the investments were worth $500,000.  Under Ontario Ontario’s property equalization scheme, that means that spouse would be owed and equalization payment of half the assets on January 1 - $250,000 – or ALL of what his or her ex has left.

 

That is an extreme case. Most won’t have results that bad.  But, it illustrates the point.

 

Of course, the opposite it also true.   If the spouses had a big fight on New Years, never got along afterward, and stopped living like spouses then, the spouse with the investments has a BIG INCENTIVE to try to reconcile the relationship, even briefly, while the investment value has cratered.  Because, if the spouses rekindle their relationship, even for a couple of days or nights, the date of separation becomes that last date, and they share in the LOW value for the assets.  That could be a big help, particularly if everyone’s investments rebound after the crisis.

 

The law is not so unreasonable as to allow one spouse to pick the date of separation that benefits him or her the most.  If the parties cannot agree, it is a judge or family arbitrator that decides.  With so much money potentially at stake, there is clear incentive for one spouse to lie or stretch the truth. Consequently, judges try to look at the facts objectively and ask themselves: “When would an objective person, who knew the couple, say the relationship was over?”  In determining that, it is not just when the couple stopped having sex, or even when one spouse started having an affair (some relationships recover from that).  The judge (or arbitrator) looks at factors such as

  •  when the spouses stopped eating together,
  • when they stopped going out or vacationing together,
  •  when they stopped showing signs of affection for each other,
  •  when they stopped referring to each other as spouses,
  •  when they took the wedding rings off
  •  when they separated their finances (opened separate accounts or stopped paying each other’s bills)
  • many other possible factors depending on the family’s situation.

 

Determining when spouses separated in these difficult circumstances can be open to argument.  Also, the separation date can be very dependent on the specific facts of the individual case. Since there can be a lot of money at stake, it is important for spouses in the midst of a separation to get in touch with a lawyer who can provide advice based on the specifics of the individual situation.  The lawyer can advise on the best thing to do in the particular situation of each case.  The specific circumstances can make a big difference on what a separating spouse should do to protect himself or herself. It can be important even for someone to speak to a lawyer before he or she walks out to determine when might be the best time to do that, or even if that matters anymore.  top family law lawyer can give you advice about your options and how to get to the result that is best for you.  In these situations, the lawyer’s advice can save a spouse thousands, even hundreds of thousands, of dollars – especially when it helps avoid a scam.

Guide to the Basics of Ontario Family Law - 4th edition cover

 

To get the best advice, specific to your situation, you should speak to family lawyer.  Certified Specialist in Family Law, John Schuman, is known for his concern for children in separation and divorce and has won many child custody cases.  To contact John call 416-446-5807, email him, or fill out the form below. You can use the same form to comment on this page.

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Paperback available from:

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You can get a lot more information about Ontario Family Law issues, including a comprehensive explanation of the Family Law related to parenting after separation, child support, and most other common family law issues by downloading this $9.99 Kindle eBook, Kobo eBook, or iBook for your iPad or iPhone or ordering it from Amazon as a paperback.

   

Many thousands of people get family law assistance from this website everyday.  If you have found this page useful, please share it on your social network using the Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn and Pinterest buttons at the bottom of the page.  Please comment on this page using the comments section at the bottom to share your thoughts on the best ways to resolve matters for your children after a separation. 

 

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How COVID19 Affects Child Support and Spousal Support

FAMILY LAW COVID19 RESOURCE CENTRE


COVID19 and Support Podcast


The Corona Virus has had a previously unimaginable impact on our economy and the incomes of many Canadian. COVID19 has put many people out of work, reduced the incomes of many others and completely shut down some businesses, leaving the owners with no money at all.  What does that mean for child support and spousal support obligations?   In the short run, probably very little.  In the long run, perhaps a lot. 


The government has not enacted any new laws to change support obligations as a result of the Corona Virus.  Unless the support payer and the support recipient agree to something different, support continues as set out in the last court order or separation agreement.  The children or spouse who are dependent on that support remain dependent on that support.  



However, many support payers feel that the children or their ex cannot have financial security that they do not have themselves – especially when there is no money left. 


In ordinary situations, if a support payer’s income dropped and the recipient did not agree to change support, the payer could go to court and ask for a change.  But now the courts are closed to all but the mom desperate Family Law cases and for many judges cases about the best interests of children have to take priority over all financial matters.  All the reported Family Law cases since the start of the  corona virus crisis have dealt with looking after children.  Click to read this page that has up-to-date information about what judges have decided in those cases. 




As of April 6, 2020, the Superior Court of Justice started trying to hear more cases after having increased its capacity to deal with cases electronically.  But only the Superior Court for the City of Toronto will start hearing contested support motions without a judge first assessing whether the parties cases are so dire that urgent relief is necessary.  However, even in Toronto, the Court will only hear support motions that are necessary to preserve financial stability for the family.  For most of Ontario, the Court will only make new support orders where the situation faced by at least one party is truly catastrophic or where the parties have agreed to the order. 


Ontario Family Law Podcast

45 - Resolving Family Law Disputes While the Family Courts Are Closed Due to COVID-19

46 - Do Parenting Plans and Family Court Orders Continue During COVID-19?

47 - How COVID19 affects Child Support and Spousal Support

10 - Child Support - Who Pays and How Much?

13 - Spousal Support in Ontario and Canada

32 - How to Change a Support Order

35 - Resolving Children's Issues Outside of Court

With that said, for support payers who are having their support deducted directly from their pay, a reduction in pay may mean a reduction in how much money the payroll department sends to the Family Responsibility Office.  Pursuant to section 23(1) of Ontario’s Family Responsibility and Support Arrears Enforcement Act, 1996, the FRO can only get half of a support payor’s pay, so when pay goes down, the FRO will never get more than half.  


Similarly, if a support payer is suddenly on employment insurance, the FRO will still collect support from those payments, but the amount it can take may be much less. That can mean a reduction in the support collected.


It does not mean a reduction in the support owed.  Arrears of support will accumulate under the last support order unless the parties agree, or a court expunges those arrears later.


Also, like many other workplaces, the FRO has been affected by COVID19.  Their operations have been disrupted. The FRO has also recognized that it cannot strain the court system by using it to take aggressive support enforcement steps. So it will not be going after unpaid support as enthusiastically as usual. Again, that does not mean that the amount of support owing has changed.  In only means that the FRO Is not collecting the  support now.  The agency will collected the missed support payments later unless there is a new court order or written separation agreement that changes the amount owed. 


In the short term, support payers should be continuing to do their best to abide by their support obligations.  Their failure to do so may result in more enforcement measures or a court case later.


When the courts start to reopen, and support enforcement becomes likely again, there will lots of court cases about whether support should be reduced because that support payer’s income has gone down.  Lotos of families will be using the special, simplified, court procedure to change a support order or agreement.   Child support is supposed to change with the payer’s income.   Spousal support may change depending on the terms of the order or agreement. 




Support can change when the payer’s income changes. It looks like many people will see their income go down in 2020.  How much and for how long will be considerations for a judge.  A short blip may not justify changing support.  Something more could. With that in mind, an issue will be how quickly judges will jump in to change support.  They will not want to reduce support if it is just going to go up again in the near future when everything returns to normal.  However, a  judge  might consider reducing arrears accumulated if COVID19 was the cause of the missed payments.


How quickly support can change will be another issue. Section 16 of the Child Support Guidelines contemplates using the parents’ tax returns as the basis for calculating income for support.  As a result, many people adjust support, especially child support, when their tax returns are ready for the previous year because that is when there is a clear picture of what their income was.  In those cases, support is based on the income from the year before.  Support payers who income went down in 2020, may see their support payments go down in 2021, and then adjusted again in 2022 depending on how 2021 works out.


But, court decisions under the Child Support Guidelines also stress the importance of using  the most recent income information.  It is not necessary to wait for the T4s to come out next year to adjust income, particularly where the support payer is in financial hardship.  But, that will require convincing either the parent receiving support or the judge that change in income is permanent and is going to go past the end of COVID19.  After that, the support payer will have to establish what his or her new income is.  So, it may be better to be patient to let what the new income is become clear before running to court and using up the Court’s time and a lot of legal fees.  




On the other hand, judges do not like it when support payers unilaterally impose a change in support.  And one of the things that the payer must do to get an Order stopping the FRO from taking a license is start the court proceeding to change support.  So, it may be good to wait before running off to court, but not to wait too long.


However, when a judge does change support, section 34(1)(f) of the Family Law Act says that  the judge can change support  retroactively.  That means that a judge can order the return of an overpayment of support or more likely a credit against future support that can result in a support holiday going forward.  In D.B.S. v. S.R.G., the Supreme Court of Canada held that a judge can order a retroactive adjustment of support back to the date that one party can prove that he or she put the other party on notice that a chance so support was required.  So, if your income has gone down, now is the time to send that email telling your ex that and asking to change support.  Even if your ex says no, if your circumstances have changed, the judge may fix that later. 


If your ex does agree, as of April 6, the courts have been making new support orders when both parties agree.  That can change the amount the FRO collects, even if it is only temporarily. 


if you are not getting your full support payments, now is not going to be the time to get the FRO to take drastic support enforcement measures. The Order will stay as it is, and the arrears will accrue.  When this is over the FRO will take enforcement steps.  And, if your ex is just using COVID19 as an excuse to not pay support, then you will have an opportunity to explain that to the judge later, when everything, including your support, should have returned to normal.



Of course, parent do not have to wait for the courts to reopen to resolve support or any other family law matters.  Separated parents and spouses can use arbitration and family mediation to replace the Courts while they are closed, and even when they are not.



If you are having support problems, then it really is time for you to get in touch with a lawyer who can give you some advice based on the specifics of your situation.  Even during the Corona Virus crisis, it is possible that lawyer can contact your ex's lawyer and they can work something out.  A top family law lawyer can give you advice about your options and how to get to the result that is best for you. 

Guide to the Basics of Ontario Family Law - 4th edition cover


To get the best advice, specific to your situation, you should speak to family lawyer.  Certified Specialist in Family Law, John Schuman, is known for his concern for children in separation and divorce and has won many child custody cases.  To contact John call 416-446-5807, email him, or fill out the form below. You can use the same form to comment on this page.

Get_it_on_iBooks_Badge_US_1114
new kindle logo
New Kobo Logo

Paperback available from:

amazonlogo

           

You can get a lot more information about Ontario Family Law issues, including a comprehensive explanation of the Family Law related to parenting after separation, child support, and most other common family law issues by downloading this $9.99 Kindle eBook, Kobo eBook, or iBook for your iPad or iPhone or ordering it from Amazon as a paperback.

   

Many thousands of people get family law assistance from this website everyday.  If you have found this page useful, please share it on your social network using the Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn and Pinterest buttons at the bottom of the page.  Please comment on this page using the comments section at the bottom to share your thoughts on the best ways to resolve matters for your children after a separation. 

 

Contact Us / Comment:



Does COVIT-19 Mean You Legally Can Stop Your Ex From Seeing the Kids

FAMILY LAW COVID19 RESOURCE CENTRE


COVID 19 Podcast 2


The corona virus crisis is having a profound impact on every aspect of our society.  With all the significant changes in the way that everyone is living every aspect of everyday life, and all the new public health requirements, separated parents are having questions about whether they should continue to follow the current parenting scheduled as set out in a Parenting Order or to an agreement with their ex.  All that is happening at a time when the Ontario court system is almost shut down and dealing with only the most desperate situations through telephone hearings.  However, in the last few weeks, there have been several court decisions that confirm that established principles under our family laws continue to apply even during COVID-19.  There are links to the Court decisions on this page.


At the outset, it is important to remember that parenting cases are the ones that are most often depend on the particular facts of each case.  Every family is unique and so are almost every parenting order that a Court makes.  There can be little things about the circumstances of your particular children, or the history of your particular case that would make a big difference in how a judge will see things.  Also, in times of stress and panic, it is possible that a judge would not see things the same way parents see them while working under the stress of the pandemic.   So, it remains important to get a lawyer who is knowledgeable about your specific circumstances and can give you carefully considered advice.   If you have concerns about whether to continue to follow your existing parenting agreement or court order, then you should speak to your lawyer for advice,  contact Certified Specialist in Family Law, John Schuman, and his team by calling Hannah, at 416-446-5807 for consultations, at reduced rates, by telephone and video conference to avoid the transmission of the virus.


Almost all separated parents had parenting arrangements in place before the coronavirus virus crisis.  The question many of those parents are asking is  whether COVID-10 means that they have to change their parenting arrangements.  Making the wrong choice can lead to serious legal problems.  In cases involving children, the overriding principle is what is in the best interests of the child.  Court cases during COVID19 confirm that continues to be the case.  So, the question ever parent has to ask is: “Is in the best interest of my children to change the current parenting arrangements?"



With the encouragement from public health officials to limit contact with other people, it seems like it might be in the children's best interest to stay in one spot and have contact with as few people as possible.  It would not be in the children's best interest to engage in any activity that could put them at risk of infection.  That certainly has impacted what parents are doing with their children on a daily basis throughout this crisis.


However, the current view of parenting professionals and judges is that having contact with both parents is important to a child's sense of well-being and healthy development.  This means that seeing both parents is also in the child's best interest.  Children suffer when deprived of contact with their one of their parents.  They suffer even more when there is conflict between their parents over things like the schedule.  So, one parent disturbing the existing parenting arrangements without the other parent’s agreement could lead to some serious situations and repercussions, perhaps even serious consequences imposed by the judge down the road.  Ontario Courts have continued to apply this principle during COVID19.


However, where a parent has not pursued parenting time, or regular parenting time before COVID19, the Court is not going to entertain a request to set up regular parenting time during the pandemic.  Children need consistency and peace during this time.  They do not need added stress, exposure to conflict, or big changes top their lives.


Many separated parents may be temped to interfere with the existing parenting arrangements amid COVID-19, citing safety concerns as the rationale, but the courts in Ontario have been pointedly clear that this is not appropriate. Worse, if a parent does unilaterally alter the child(ren)’s schedule with the other parent during COVID19, the Courts have been clear that there may be consequences for that parent once regular court operations resume




Justice Pazaratz of the Ontario Superior Court  (Family Court) made one of the first decisions when a parent cuts off the other parent due to COVID19.  Many other judges have followed that decision. Her Honour was clear that existing parenting arrangements and schedules should continue in the majority of cases, while potentially making changes to transportation or exchange locations to ensure physical distancing guidelines are followed.  


To summarize the decision that parents have to make, it is: “Is in the children's best interest to remain isolated with one parent, so as to avoid the chance of infection, or is it in the children's best interest to spend time with both parents even if that means they will come into contact with other people.”

 

Again, a lot depends on the new specifics of the situation.  If the children can go from one asymptomatic parent to the other parent through a method of travel that does not involve them coming into contact with a lot of other people, and both parents are not going to engage in behaviors that are currently considered risky or that could result in the spread of the virus, then there may be no reason to change the arrangements at all. However, a parenting doing something that will expose him/herself  or the child to an increased risk of contracting the virus does justify changing the parenting arrangements.


When separated parents can be cooperative, even creative, it may be possible to make changes to the parenting arrangement to benefit the children.  Perhaps changing the current arrangements is in the children's best interest.  Judges expect separated parents to cooperate and make those changes together at all times, but especially during COVID19.  Judges are not happy with parents who cannot put their children first and find ways to cooperate.  For example, with the disruptions to workplaces, it may be that one parent has more ability to look after the children, especially at times of the other parent continues to go to work.  This can be especially important with schools and daycares closed.  Through cooperation, parents can also make adjustments to their schedules to minimize the number of other people with whom the children come into contact, and thereby reduce the chances of transmission of the virus.  Similarly, to avoid the children being exposed to infection, it may be beneficial to adjust the schedule, to reduce the number of time children go back and forth between a parents so that the children have fewer opportunities to be exposed.

Ontario Family Law Podcast

46-2 Update on Parenting During the Pandemic - What Family Court Judges Say


46 - Do Parenting Plans and Family Court Orders Continue During COVID-19?

47 - How COVID19 affects Child Support and Spousal Support

45 - Resolving Family Law Disputes While the Family Courts Are Closed Due to COVID-19

7 - Custody of the Children - what it means and how it is decided

35 - Resolving Children's Issues Outside of Court

Another consideration at this time is that some parenting arrangements have the children being exchanged between parents at a public place, with other people around.  In the current situation that is no not recommended.  You and your ex want to do the exchange of the children at a place away from other people.  So, you may need to change where do it.  If there are ongoing safety concerns and that is the reason why the exchanges are where it are, then you will you may still need to change the location to keep yourself away from other people, but still do it in a place where you are visible so that nothing stupid can happen.  Perhaps you'll have to move to a place that is further away from other people but still has people close enough around so that they can notice any difficulty from a distance.  Perhaps you will have to move your meetings to be in the vicinity of a police station or someplace else where people can intervene if something goes wrong even if those other people are at a distance during the exchange itself.  Remember, the only thing you should be concerned about is the best interests of your children making arrangements.


Where one parent is worried about his or her ability to keep the children safe from infection, then it may be possible for the children to maintain contact with both parents over Face Time Skype, or other videoconferencing or other methods of communication.  For example, parents could still interact with their kids by playing video games that allow players to play together from different locations.  Parents have to balance all the considerations to determine what is in the children's best interest. However, the courts have been clear that these types of parental contact are not sufficient and should only  be put in place when there is a real danger to the child’s safety by being with the other parent.  Real danger means the parent must have been advised by a public health to go into self-isolation, be a confirmed or presumptive case of COVID19 or be actually engaging in risky behaviours. 


Being employed in health-care, as a first responder, or as any other type of front-line work is not engaging in risky behaviour that should result in a change to the parenting arrangements.  People holding those positions work with their employers to put into place measures to protect them from contracting the virus.  The screening tools for COVID19 consider whether a person has been in contact with someone with COVID19 without necessary Personal Protective Equipment in place.  It is an usually foolish and selfish parent who does not wear PPE during this crisis if only out of concern for the children.  So, before changing parenting arrangements, judges want to see evidence that a parent is being reckless and not wearing the PPE or otherwise putting him or herself at unusually  high risk. 


Obviously, things become more difficult when one parent decides that he or she does not want to follow the advice of public health officials.  Or, when a parent insists on engaging in other risky behavior at this unusual time.  Chances are that if a parent is going to engage in risky behavior now, they probably have engaged in it before and the parenting arrangements take that into account.  If the arrangements do take that type of behavior into account, then no change may be necessary.  However, if a parent is insisting on doing engaging with the children in activities that are clearly not the children's best interest in light of the advice and information from our public health officials, then a parent may have to insist on changing the arrangement.


If an issue does arise with respect to the existing parenting arrangements, such that it is no longer safe to facilitate parenting-time between a child and one parent, the circumstances may meet the test for “urgency”, which would allow a concerned parent to get the matter decided by a Judge under the special provisions that the Ontario Courts have put in place during COVID19. In order for your matter to be considered “urgent”, based on the jurisprudence to date in this unprecedented area:

  1. The parent’s concern must be immediate, meaning that in no circumstances could it wait for resolution at a later date;
  2. The parent’s concern must be serious enough in that it significantly affects the health, safety or economic well-being of the children or one or both of the parents; and
  3. The parent’s concern has to be rooted in real evidence. It cannot be speculative or theoretical.
  4. The parent’s concerns must be clearly particularized in evidence with examples that describe the concern and why it is urgent.



There are very few circumstances in which a judge will find that deliberately breaching a court order is okay.  Judge can throw people in jail when they deliberately go against Court Orders.  Judges also expect parents to respect and follow their parenting agreement. So, i any parent who thinks they have to stop their child from seeing the other parent MUST speak to a lawyer about getting into Court to get a judge’s permission to change the existing arrangements.


Similarly, if you are a parent who wants to see your children but is worried that you have been exposed to the coronavirus now is not the time to insist on your parental rights.  There are no parental rights in Ontario. There are only parental responsibilities and your children have rights.  Children have the right not be placed into danger unnecessarily, especially not by their parents whose main concern should be protecting them during these dangerous times.  No judge is going to be sympathetic to any parent who puts the misconceived idea of “parent rights” ahead of the children’s safety or who hide the fact that the parent is a carrier of this virus and puts the children at risk of contracting it.

 

Procedures like family arbitration or parenting coordination may also give parents a procedure to resolve these types of disagreements more quickly and more easily than trying to get into Court during COVID19.  While both parents have to agree to use those mechanisms, suggesting to an ex that it would be good to have an impartial professional weight on what would be in the children's best interest will show the court that parent at least tried to work things out and that may give some assurance that a judge will not be terribly upset by the decision when the matter finally makes it into court later.


If you are having difficulty coming to an agreement with your ex over what is in your children's best interest, then it really is time for you to get in touch with a lawyer who can give you some advice based on the specifics of your situation.  It is possible that lawyer can contact your ex's lawyer and they can work something out.  Perhaps they can agree on a mechanism such as parenting coordination or arbitration to work things out.  At the very least, they will be able to give you some objective advice about what is in your children's best interest and what you should be doing.  Don't get into a fight in front of your children and cause them even more stress and anxiety over this difficult time.  Got in touch with professionals to help you figure out that what is best for your children in light of your parenting situation and the extraordinary times in which we are currently living.

Guide to the Basics of Ontario Family Law - 4th edition cover


To get the best advice, specific to your situation, you should speak to family lawyer.  Certified Specialist in Family Law, John Schuman, is known for his concern for children in separation and divorce and has won many child custody cases.  To contact John call 416-446-5807, email him, or fill out the form below. You can use the same form to comment on this page.

Get_it_on_iBooks_Badge_US_1114
new kindle logo
New Kobo Logo

Paperback available from:

amazonlogo


You can get a lot more information about Ontario Family Law issues, including a comprehensive explanation of the Family Law related to parenting after separation, child support, and most other common family law issues by downloading this $9.99 Kindle eBook, Kobo eBook, or iBook for your iPad or iPhone or ordering it from Amazon as a paperback.

   

Many thousands of people get family law assistance from this website everyday.  If you have found this page useful, please share it on your social network using the Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn and Pinterest buttons at the bottom of the page.  Please comment on this page using the comments section at the bottom to share your thoughts on the best ways to resolve matters for your children after a separation. 

 

Contact Us / Comment: 


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